Visit the three main monasteries of the order of the Cister in Catalonia: Poblet, Santes Creus and Vallbona de les Monges, that define “La Ruta del Cister” more extraourdinary of Europe.
Near the Montblanc mountain there is the Monastery of Poblet, founded in the year 1150, basically gothic style and Romanesque, with some baroque details. Outside the stones of golden color are impressive and give a strength aspect. It has the greater inhabited monastery of Europe, declared patrimony of the humanity by UNESCO. With different dependencies worthy to visit, like the palace of the Abbot, the room to capitulate, the cloister, the Real Palace or the gardens, without forgetting the church with the real tombs Corona de Aragon, as the one of Jaume I the Conqueror.
Santes Creus is one of the monasteries better conserved where we will be able to admire gothic windows, a baroque altarpiece, and the room to capitulate. The Church, initiated in 1174 and to opened to the cult in 1211, when still unfinished, follow the “plan bernardino", with plant of Latin cross and five squared abyssal chapels; the central area is covered with a vault decorated and their arcs rest in a wall over modillones acanalados of very simple and elegant forms.
The monastery of Santa María de Vallbona, the most important of the Cistercian feminine branch in Catalonia, with a continuity of religious life of more than eight centuries, is in the southern part of the region of the Urgell, down Segarra and near " Conca de Barberà" , in territories of the archdiocese of Tarragona from its formation, fact that ties it to the other monasteries of Poblet and Santes Creus, Architecture, constructed and reformed in very diverse times, greatness and magnificence that differentiate it from the majority of the feminine Cistercian monasteries. The abbatial Church, constructed within the 13th and 14th centuries, is a good example of style of transition of the Romanesque one to the gothic one. The plant is of Latin cross, of a single space very extended, with three rectangular apses to the East - with sculptural ornamentation of burlesque type from beginning 13th century