The Foix Park is the southernmost of the twelve spaces that form the Nature Reserve Network of Barcelona Provincial Council. Located in the region of the Alt Penedès, covers an area of 2,900 ha.
Its most characteristic are the Foix reservoir, which generates a variety of ecological environments, with a very high level of biodiversity and a unique historical and architectural heritage.
Ecological environments associated with the river, the streams, tributaries and, above all, the reservoir, have a very important interest in the context of a land dry and deficient in rainfall.
On the banks of the river Foix and some streams, such as Marmellar and the Llitrà, and also in certain sectors of the swamp, we find examples of riparian vegetation, consisting of species such as ash, alders, poplars, elms, poplars or willows, together with an understory composed of hawthorn, emborrachacabras, blackberry, ivy and spurge. The mirtal is a valuable plant formation associated with the streams from around the Foix reservoir. Here, species such as myrtle, saw palmetto, mastic, sarsaparilla and Càrritx
The diversity of environments Foix Park hosts a variety of fauna. In the swamp there are fish such as eel, carp and crucian carp, and reptiles like the turtle common venomous snake and the snake necklace. Moreover, birds are the best represented group around the park, with species like the cormorant, the mallard, the shoveler, teal, coot, moorhen, heron, egret and heron the egret, among many others. Other moist environments such as ponds, are home to amphibians like the salamander, tree frog, green frog and common toad.
In forest areas live mammals such as badgers, stone martens, foxes, wild boar, and birds like the kestrel, the jay, the tit and wood pigeon, while the rocky we can find some reptiles such as common lizard, the ladder snake and the Montpellier snake, and some prey like the eagle. The caves are home several cave-dwelling animals, such as some species of bats, and humanized environments abound in the gecko and the owl.
Places of interest
The diverse landscape of the Park of Foix and the rich cultural and architectural heritage is reflected in a wide range of unique sites to visit recommended.
Medieval and documented in the tenth century and linked to different lineages that have given his personality. Has been amended several times and has recently been restored.
Originally from the twelfth century, initially as a medieval watchtower and birthplace of Penyafort Ramon, has undergone several modifications.
Churches and chapels
The rich heritage is evident in the numerous chapels and churches of the Park, as the Romanesque church of Sant Pere, the chapels of Penyafel, the Sanabra and Sant Llorenç.
The caves of the Bovera
Located between the valley of Bovera and the crest of the Sierra de Sant Just, are a set of over 20 caves of different sizes. In one of them we can find two silos caves dug into the rock.
Stand out as well representing the rocky limestone of the Park, with several karstic caves.
The caves of Sant Llorenç Fund
Group characteristics of karst caves, located in a "fund" the name used locally to describe the steep valleys typical of the area.
In the park we found a large set of fonts to stroll and enjoy a cool environment: the source of Horta, the source of Carlus But, the source of Sant Llorenç, the source of them Espitlles, Matarrectors source, the source of the Virgin of the source Penyafel and Enchanted.
Some peaks as Turo de les Tres partions (435 m) and Puig de l'Àliga (464 m) are both strategic observing migratory path of raptors in the fall.
The bird observatory
Located next to the swamp, is an ideal place to observe those species most related to aquatic environments.